To help readers how to do or make something completely

Generic Structure:

1. Goal/Aim
2. Materials/Equipments
3. Steps/Methods

Dominant Language Features:

1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using Imperatives sentence
3. Using adverb
4. Using technical terms

The Framework for a Procedure

A procedure consists of . . .

1) The goal of the activity. This is where you tell your reader what he/she is going to achieve.
Make biscuits;
play a computer game;
change a tyre;
do an experiment.
2) Any materials needed These could be: for the procedure. β€’ ingredients for the biscuits;
how to install the computer game;
tools to change the tyre;
equipment for the experiment.
3) Steps to achieve the goal
This is the main part of the procedure.
It is where you tell your reader what to do.
No important step should be left out.
You should write the steps clearly and briefly.
The reader should have confidence in your instructions. (in/struc/tions)
4) Conclusion

You may wish to include a conclusion. That is what can be expected from the procedure. It could include the result of the experiment, a tyre safely changed, pleasure from a computer game or wellcooked biscuits of a particular flavour, appearance, and texture.

Source: Text Types

Source: sincerelybrigitte


How to make a Cheese Omelet


  • Ingredients:

1 egg, 50 gr cheese, ΒΌ cup milk, 3 tablespoon cooking oil, a pinch of salt and pepper.

  • Utensils:

Frying pan, fork, spatula, cheese grater, bowl, plate.


  1. Crack an egg into a bowl
  2. whisk the egg with a fork until it is smooth
  3. add milk and whisk well
  4. grate the cheese into the bowl and stir
  5. heat the oil in the frying pan
  6. pour the mixture into the frying pan
  7. turn the omelet with the spatula when it browns
  8. cook both sides
  9. place on a plate; season with salt and pepper
  10. eat while warm.

Source: Text Types


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