Hortatory Exposition

Hortatory exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to explain the listeners or readers that something should or should not happen or be done. 
To strengthen the explanation, the speaker or writer needs some arguments as the fundamental reasons of the given idea. In other words, this kind of text can be called as argumentation. 
Hortatory exposition text can be found in scientific books, journals, magazines, newspaper articles, academic speech or lectures, research report etc. 
Hortatory expositions are popular among science, academic community and educated people. 

The generic structure of Hortatory exposition usually has three components:

(1) Thesis, 
(2) Arguments and 
(3) Recommendation.

A.Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition
Thesis : Statement or announcement of issue concern
Arguments : Reasons for concern that will lead to recommendation
Recommendation : Statement of what should or should not happen or be done based on the given arguments

B.Generic Features of Hortatory Exposition
A Hortatory exposition focuses on generic human and non human participants, except for speaker or writer referring to self.
It uses mental processes. It is used to state what the writer or speaker thinks or feels about something. For example: realize, feel etc.
It often needs material processes. It is used to state what happens, e.g. ….has polluted… etc.
It usually uses Simple Present Tense and Present Perfect Tense.

Source: Text Types

Source: simplesapien

Watching TV


Is it important to know what your kids are watching? Of course it is. Television can expose your children to things that you have tried to protect them from, especially violence, drug abuse, etc.

Argument 1:

One study demonstrated that watching too much TV during the day or at bedtime often causes bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay and anxiety around sleep, followed by shortened sleep duration.

Argument 2:

Another study found a significant association between the amount of time spent watching television during adolescence and early adulthood, and the like hood of subsequent aggressive acts against others.

Argument 3:

Meanwhile, many studies have found an association between kids watching a lot of TV, being inactive and overweight.


Considering some facts above, protect your children with some following tips:
Limit television viewing to 1-2 hours each day.
Do not allow your children to have a TV set in their bedrooms.
Review the ratings of TV shows that your children watch.
Watch television with your children and discuss what is happening during the show.

Source: Text Types


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