To persuade the reader or listener that there is something that, certainly, needs to get attention
To analyze a topic and to persuade the reader that this opinion is correct and supported by arguments
Examples: argumentative essay, exploratory essay
A. Generic Structure of Analytical Exposition
Thesis : Introduces the topic and shows speaker or writer’s position; Outlines of the arguments are presented.
Arguments : It consists about Point and Elaboration Point, states the main argument Elaboration, develops and supports each point of argument
Conclusion : Reiteration (restatement), restates speaker or writer’s position
B. Generic Features
Focus on generic human and non-human participants, e.g.: car, pollution, leaded petrol car
Use abstract noun, e.g.: policy, government
Use of relational processes, e.g.: It is important
Modal verbs, e.g.: we must preserve
Modal adverbs, e.g.: certainly we.
Connective or Use of internal conjunction to state argument, e.g.: first, secondly, then, finally)
Evaluative language, e.g.: important, valuable, trustworthy, etc.
Giving reasons through causal conjunction
(e.g. so, thus, therefore, hence)
Use of present tense
CAR SHOULD BE BANNED IN THE CITY
Car should be banned in the city. As we all know, cars create pollution, and cause a lot of road and other accidents.
Firstly, cars, as well as we all k now, contribute to most of the pollution in the world. Car emit a deadly gas that cause illnesses such as bronchitis; lung cancer, and triggers’ off asthma. Some of these illnesses are so bad that people candled from them.
Secondly, the city is very busy. Pedestrians wander everywhere and cars commonly hit pedestrians in the city, which causes them to die. Cars today are our roads biggest killers.
Thirdly, cars are very noisy. If you live in the city, you may find it hard to sleep at night, or concentrate on your homework, and especially talk to someone.
In conclusion, cars should be banned from the city for the reasons listed.